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IELTS ESSAY TIP 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-09:09 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: rules for introductions

Many people decide on a career path early in their lives and keep to it. This, they argue, leads to a more satisfying working life.
To what extent do you agree with this view?
What other things can people do in order to have a satisfying working life?

In today's lesson I just want to look at how to write an introduction for this type of question. My simple rules for task 2 introductions are:

1.    Write 2 sentences: introduce the topic, then give a general answer.

2.    Mention everything that the question mentions.

3.    Don't save any surprises for the conclusion; give your opinion in the introduction if the question asks for it.

Here's an example introduction:

It is true that some people know from an early age what career they want to pursue, and they are happy to spend the rest of their lives in the same profession. While I accept that this may suit many people, I believe that others enjoy changing careers or seeking job satisfaction in different ways.



نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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IELTS ESSAY TIP 10

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:59 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: introduction technique

Task 2 introductions should be short and direct. You only need to write two sentences as follows:

1. Introduce the topic.

2. Respond to the question, making your position clear.

Take this question for example:

More houses are needed in many countries to cope with increasing populations. Would it be better to build houses in existing towns and cities, or to develop new towns in rural areas?

This my 2-sentence introduction:

It is true that the populations of many countries are growing, and that new housing is therefore needed. In my opinion, it would be better to increase the provision of housing by creating new towns, rather than by further developing existing towns and cities.



نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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IELTS ESSAY TIP 7

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:43 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: question types

1.      Opinion (point of view)

2.      Discussion + opinion

3.      Problem + reason+ solution

4.      2-part question

Important points to remember:

1. An 'opinion' question asks for your view, not the views of other people, and you don't have to give both sides of the argument. Just express your opinion clearly in the introduction, then explain it in the rest of the essay.

2.A 'discussion' question requires you to write about both sides of the argument, and you should write a similar amount for each view. If the question also asks for your opinion, you don't need an extra paragraph. Just make it clear in the introduction and conclusion which of the two views you agree with.

3.Type 3 is easy. Simply write a paragraph explaining the problem(s) and a paragraph explaining the solution(s). 

4.For type 4, just answer the two questions. Write one paragraph about each.



نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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IELTS ESSAY TIP 2

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:شنبه 6 اردیبهشت 1393-11:27 ق.ظ

How to Write an IELTS Essay

On this page you will find some guidance on how you should write an IELTS essay.

There are then model answers on the following pages for different types of essay and different questions, with some brief guidance on each.

It is important to analyse model answers for IELTS essays because there are different essay types, and these will require different ways to answer them.

However, as you will see from the guidance on this page, they can all follow the same basic structure.

These are some of the types of IELTS essay we will look at:

 

      • Agree / disagree
      • Discuss two opinions
      • Causes (reasons)/Effects/Solutions
      • 2-Part questions

The golden rule is to ALWAYS read the question very carefully to see exactly what you are being asked to do.

View this lesson for more practice on analyzing questions.

How do I Write an IELTS Essay?

In order to answer this, lets first look at a sample question:

In the last 20 years there have been significant developments in the field of information technology (IT), for example the World Wide Web and communication by email. However, future developments in IT are likely to have more negative effects than positive.

To what extent do you agree with this view?

An IELTS essay is structured like any other essay; you just need to make it shorter. There are three key elements:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraphs
  3. Conclusion

We will look at each of these in turn, using the essay question above as an example.

1) Introduction

You should keep your introduction for the IELTS essay short. Remember you only have 40 minutes to write the essay, and some of this time needs to be spent planning. Therefore, you need to be able to write your introduction fairly quickly so you can start writing your body paragraphs.

You should do just two things:

  • State the topic of the essay, using some basic facts (that you may be able to take from the question)
  • Say what you are going to write about

Here is an example introduction for the above essay question about IT:

The last two decades have seen enormous changes in the way people's lives are affected by IT, with many advances in this field. However, while these technological advances have brought many benefits to the world, it can be argued that future IT developments will produce more negative effects than positive ones.

As you can see, the first sentence makes sure it refers to the topic (IT) and uses facts about IT taken from the question. Note that these are paraphrased - you must not copy from the rubric!

The second part then clearly sets out the what the essay will be about and confirms the writers opinion (some questions may not ask for your opinion, but this one does).

2) Body Paragraphs

For an IELTS essay, you should have 2 or 3 body paragraphs - no more, and no less.

For your body paragraph, each paragraph should contain one controlling idea, and have sentences to support this.

Lets look at the first paragraph for the essay about IT. The essay is about the benefits and drawbacks of IT, so these will need to be discussed in separate paragraphs.

Here is the first body paragraph:

To begin, email has made communication, especially abroad, much simpler and faster, resulting in numerous benefits for commerce and business. Furthermore, the World Wide Web means that information on every conceivable subject is now available to us. For example, people can access news, medical advice, online education courses and much more via the internet.  It is evident that these improvements have made life far easier and more convenient for large numbers of people and will continue to do so for decades to come.

The controlling idea in this first paragraph is the 'benefits of IT', and there are two supporting ideas, which are underlined. No drawbacks are discussed as the paragraph would then lose coherence.

Most of the essay will focus on the negative aspects of IT, as the writer says there are more negative effects in the introduction. So the next two paragraphs are about these.

The topic sentence in the next paragraph therefore tells us we are changing the focus to the negative points:

Nevertheless, the effects of this new technology have not all been beneficial.For example, many people feel that the widespread use of email is destroying traditional forms of communication such as letter writing, telephone and face-to-face conversation. This could result in a decline in people's basic ability to socialize and interact with each other on a day-to-day basis.

The final body paragraph gives the last negative effect:

In addition, the large size of the Web has meant that it is nearly impossible to regulate and control. This has led to many concerns regarding children accessing unsuitable websites and viruses. Unfortunately, this kind of problem might even get worse in the future at least until more regulated systems are set up.


3) Conclusion

The conclusion only needs to be one or two sentences, and you can do the following:

  • Re-state what the essay is about (re-write the last sentence of your introduction in different words)
  • Give some thoughts about the future

Here is an example:

In conclusion, developments in IT have brought many benefits, yet I believe developments relating to new technology in the future are likely to produce many negative effects that must be addressed if we are to avoid damaging impacts to individuals and society.


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IELTS ESSAY TIP 4

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 7 مرداد 1392-02:17 ب.ظ

IELTS ESSAY TIP 4

Here you find 10 of my top IELTS writing tips. 

1. Read the question – answer the question

Rule  number 1 is to answer the question: read the question carefully and underline all the information you need to include. This works differently in the essay and the report.

In the essay, often you will find background information and the question itself. Make sure you answer the question


2. Don’t start writing too soon – think and plan!

It is important to finish both pieces of writing, but the way to do this is not necessarily starting to write immediately. If you do that, you may get half way through the writing and realise you cannot finish it. Only start writing when you know how you are going to finish.

In the essay this can mean up to 5 minutes and in the task 1 report it can mean up to 3 minutes. The more you think, the better and more quickly you will write. 


3. Write enough words

250 means AT LEAST 250. All propositions and articles are included.


4. Don’t write too many words

The more words you write, you more mistakes you are likely to make. The more words you write, the less efficient you become and the quality will fall. The ideal is to aim for between 260 – 280 words in the essay and 160-180 words in the report.


5. Don’t copy whole sections of the question

If you copy whole sections of the question, the examiner will not include those words in your word count: 260 words can become 230 words if you are not careful enough.


6. Time is your enemy – have a plan and a watch

Timing can be a problem. It is important to keep moving and stick to your timing. Don’t be tempted to spend more than 40 minutes on your essay – you need 20 minutes to answer task 1 properly.


7. Task 1 and task 2 – which do you answer first?

The essay is worth twice the marks of the report. One idea is to do task 2 (the essay) before task 1(the report), just to ensure you finish the essay. You do need to spend at least 20 minutes on part 1 though. Do not try to answer it in 15 minutes.


8. Check your writing

It is important to check your writing for grammatical errors. You need to have a checklist before you enter the exam of what mistakes you typically make. 


9. Think about range of vocabulary

You should also check your writing for unnecessary word repetition – you are graded on the variety of your language. You should note that this does not mean you need to use long, complex words, rather it means you should use precise words.


10. Think about the examiner – use paragraphs well

The examiner will not spend very long grading your paper. You need to create an immediate good impression and the best way to do this in my experience is to present a well-structured piece of writing with clearly laid out paragraphs. This way the examiner is going to be on your side. If, however, it looks disorganised, the examiner is not going to be impressed.



 



نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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IELTS EASSAY TIP 1

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 5 خرداد 1392-08:28 ق.ظ

USEFUL FUNCTIONS IN WRITING


1- to agree with someone or something

agree verb [intransitive and transitive] to have the same opinion as someone, or to think that a statement is correct:

• Many people agreed with his views about the war.

• I completely agree with Chomsky when he says that humans are born with a special ability to learn language.

• Most experts agree that dieting needs to be accompanied by regular exercise.

STUDY NOTE: Grammar

Don’t say ‘agree someone's opinion' or ‘agree to someone's opinion'. Say agree with someone's opinion.

 

share somebody's view/concern/fear etc to have the same opinion, concern, fear etc as someone else:

• I share her concerns about the lack of women in high academic positions.

• A lot of people share his view that tourism will have a negative impact on the island.

• This fear was shared by union leaders, who saw the new law as an attack on their rights.

 

subscribe to a view/theory etc to agree with an opinion or idea:

• There are a number of scientists who subscribe to the view that there is a God who controls the workings of the universe.

• Some people think that there are cases where torture is justified. I, for one, do not subscribe to this theory.

 

be of the same opinion if people are of the same opinion, they agree with each other:

• All three specialists were of the same opinion about the cause of her illness.

• Professor Dawkins is of the same opinion as Dr Jones.


concur verb [intransitive and transitive] a formal word meaning to agree:

• The committee concurred with this view.

• Most modern historians would readily concur that (=agree without any hesitation) this was an event of huge importance.

• As most biblical scholars concur, the letter could not have been written by any contemporary of Jesus.

 

somebody is right/somebody makes a valid point used when you agree with what someone says:

• Darwin was right when he argued that humans and higher mammals are closely related.

• Cox makes a valid point when he questions our ability to remain objective.

 

2- to partly agree with someone or something

 

agree up to a point to partly agree with someone or something:

• Although I agree with him up to a point, I find it hard to believe that this is true in every case.

 

broadly agree to agree with most parts of something:

• The conference delegates broadly agreed with the proposals.

 

there is some truth in used when saying that you think that something is partly true or right:

• There is some truth in the argument that there is a link between violence on our streets and violence on our TV screens.

• There is some truth in all of these theories, but none of them can fully explain the causes of unemployment.


3- when a group of people agree

 

agreement noun [uncountable] if there is agreement on something, people agree about it:

• Today there is general agreement that pollution from cars and planes is threatening the future of our planet.

• There is widespread agreement on the need for prison reform. (=most people agree about it)

• Geologists are mostly in agreement about how the islands were formed. (=most of them agree about it)

• The two sides were unable to reach agreement. (=they could not agree with each other)

 

consensus noun [singular,uncountable] agreement between most of the people in a group about something, especially with the result that they decide on a particular course of action:

• There is now a general consensus among scientists on the causes of global warming.

• There was a growing consensus that the military government had to be replaced.

 

common ground noun [singular, uncountable] things that people agree about, especially when there are other things that they disagree about:

• There are many areas of common ground between the two philosophers.

• Despite their differing backgrounds, they found common ground in their interest in science.

 

unanimous adjective if a group of people are unanimous on something, they all have the same opinion about it:

• Medical experts are unanimous on this issue.

• They were unanimous in their opposition to the plan.

• a unanimous decision by the three judges

 

widely held view/belief etc an opinion, belief etc that many people have:

• There is a widely held view among business experts that selling off a business to a management team is not in the best interests of the company's shareholders.

• There is a widely held belief that advanced western societies are becoming more and more criminalized.

 

widely/generally accepted if something is widely or generally accepted, it is thought to be true by most people:

• It is now widely accepted that the universe began with the so-called 'big bang'.

 • It is generally accepted that electricity generated from nuclear power is more expensive than other forms of electricity.



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