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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 15

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-09:31 ق.ظ

PHRASAL VERB 3

Phrasal Verb Get

Meaning

get something across/Make understandable or communicate 
فهماندن
It took him ages to get his point across
get aroundTo go or travel to different places
 گشتن  و دیدن مكانهای یك شهر
It's quite easy to get around London
get awayTo go on holiday / vacation
رفتن به تعطیلات
Will you manage to get away this summer
get back at someoneTo get revenge انتقام گرفتن
get back intoBecome interested in something again
get byTo have just enough of something such as money or knowledge
گذراندن از لحظ مالی
I don't earn a huge salary but we get by
get down toStart doing something seriously or with a lot of effort
get over somethingRecover from something, like an illness or a problem
get round tosomethingTo find time to do something
پیدا كردن وقت برای انجام كاری
I still haven't got round to fix the tap
get throughTo survive something
پشت سر گذاشتن شرایط دشوار
The refugees need help to get through the winter
get togetherSocial meeting
get upGet out of bed


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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 14

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-09:25 ق.ظ

PHRASAL VERBS 2 

Phrasal Verb

Meaning

hand (something) inSubmit  تحویل چیزی به یك مقام مسئول
Did you hand your homework in on time?
get away with (something)Do something without being noticed or punished  
قصر در رفتن
They broke the law and broke with it
keep up withContinue at the same rate
end upTo become eventually; turn out to be
منجر شدن به چیزی
Most slimmers end up putting weight back on
fall behindTo fail to keep up a pace; lag behind.
drop outQuit a class, school, university etc 
انصراف از یك محل
look back onThink about something that happened in the past  نگاه به گذشته
Looking back on it, I still can't figure out what went wrong
put forwardSuggest or state the case for something
catch up withReach the same level  
رسیدن به بقیه در یك كلاس یا رقابت
pull out ofTo stop being a part of something

 

Phrasal Verb Exercises - Examples in Context

 Were you a good student when you were at school?

I’m afraid I wasn’t if I’m honest. Often I didn’t hand in my homework, and I always felt I could get away with it because my teacher wasn’t strict. But because of this I couldn’t keep up with the course work and I ended up falling behind.  Eventually I had to drop out of the school.

So no, I wasn’t really a good student.  When I look back on my childhood, I wish I’d done things differently really as it meant I had to work harder to achieve things later on in life.

 

Do you think the growth in multinational corporations is a positive development?

I’m not sure it is such a good thing. Many people put forward arguments in favour it, claiming it has helped developing countries by creating jobs for local people as many of these companies have moved their manufacturing abroad. They then claim that the economic development in these countries will catch up with developed countries.

However, there is no real evidence that this is the case as most the profit flows back to the companies, not the people, and as soon as it becomes cheaper to manufacture in a different country, the companies will pull out of the country they are in and move to the more profitable one. So I don’t think there is any real long-term benefit.



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 13

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-09:13 ق.ظ

PHRASAL VERBS 1

Phrasal VerbMeaning
hang outspend time relaxing (informal)
catch up withMeet someone after a period of time and find out what they have been doing
cut down/back onReduce
give (something) upQuit / stop doing it
cut outStop eating something (permanently or for a long time)
find outDiscover
get along/onLike each other
fall outArgue and be on bad terms with someone
clean upTidy / Clean
come acrossFind something unexpectedly

 

IELTS - English Phrasal Verbs in Use

What do you normally do at the weekends?

I usually just hang out with my friends. We’ll go to the cinema or something. Unfortunately I don’t get the chance to catch up with them often as we are all so busy with work.

Do you have a healthy lifestyle?

I don’t think I really do.  Something I definitely need to do is cut down on the amount I smoke, or even give it up completely. I would also like to cut out red meat from my diet. I’ve read that both of those are unhealthy. I found out recently that my father has cancer, and he smoked a lot when he was younger.

Do you like the place where you live?

Yes, I live with some college friends. There are several of us in the house so it is crowded, but we get along well so we have not had any serious problems. I fell out with one guy who lived there because he played his music too loud, but he has moved out now.

Do you like to collect things?

Not anymore, but the other day I was cleaning up my room when I came across an old album of football stickers. I used to collect them when I was younger.



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 12

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-09:03 ق.ظ

Children and the Family

Nuclear family


Family group consisting of a pair of adults and their children




Most households in the Western world tend to be nuclear families.



Extended family
Larger than the nuclear family - consisting of aunts, uncles, and cousins all living nearby or in the same household.


If you live with your extended family they can help to look after the children. 

Single-parent
A parent, not living with a spouse or partner, who has most of the day-to-day responsibilities in raising the child or children. 


Some people believe that it is not good for children to grow up in a single-parent household.



Relatives
Group of people related by blood or marriage 


Relatives, such as grandparents, can play an important role in helping to raise children. 

Siblings
Brothers or sisters


I have three siblings – one brother and two sisters.

Adolescent
A young person who is developing into an adult


Children can sometimes cause more problems for their parents when they become adolescents.

Dependents
Someone who depends on you for financial support, such as a child or family member who does not work


My dependents will be well-looked after when I die as I have left a lot of money to them in my will.



Authoritarian
Demanding that people obey completely and refusing to allow them freedom to act as they wish


His father was very authoritarian and he used to scare me quite a lot. 

Strict
Strongly limiting someone's freedom to behave as they wish, or likely to severely punish someone if they do not obey. 


Some parents believe that they have to very strict with their children to ensure they behave well.

Birth control / Contraception
(the use of) any of various methods intended to prevent a woman becoming pregnant


One of the reasons for the falling number of births in developing countries is birth control. Medical clinics often distribute free contraception.

Birth Rate
The number of babies born over a given time


The birth rate has been falling in many countries.



Bring Up / Upbringing
To care for a child until he or she is an adult, often giving him or her particular beliefs


Children should be brought up to respect their parents.

I had a very good upbringing.


Raise
To take ​care of a ​person (or an ​animal or ​plant) until they are ​completely ​grown 


Her parents raised her very well as she is now a very kind and considerate young woman. 

Child Development
The biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence


There is no doubt that there are factors external to the family that significantly impact on a child’s development.

Childcare
Care for children provided by either the government, an organization, or a person, while parents are at work or are away for another reason


Cheap childcare is very important in order to allow mother’s to return to work.

Divorce
An official or legal process to end a marriage


My parents divorced when I was 15.

Divorce is very common these days.



Separation
An arrangement, but not necessarily done legally, by which two married people stop living together as a couple


Me and my partner are having a trial separation. Hopefully we can sort things out.

Child Neglect
A form of child abuse where there is an ongoing failure to meet a child's basic needs, such as being left without adequate food, clothes, shelter, medicine etc.


Social services will intervene if a child has beenneglected

Dysfunctional Family
A family where there is conflict, misbehavior, and often child neglect, resulting in poor emotional and physical health 


The child comes from a very dysfunctional family. The father was violent and is now in prison and the mother has a drugs problem. 

Emotional Security
To feel happy and secure from having enough love, acceptance and respect


The most important factor leading to a fulfilled and happy life for a child is emotional security.

Well-adjusted
Reasonable and has good judgment and their behaviour is not difficult or strange 


A child brought up by responsible parents and provided with emotional security will grow up to be very well-adjusted.

Responsible Parent
Having good judgement and the ability to act correctly when bringing up a child e.g. ensuring they are not in any danger


If you have children it is very important to be responsible parents.

Formative years
A period of a person’s life, usually childhood, that has a big influence on the person they become and the rest of that persons life 


If things go wrong for someone in their formative years, it can have an impact on their adult life. 

Adoption
Taking on the legal responsibilities as parent of a child that is not one's biological child 


If a couple can't have a child they may decide to adopt

Fostering
Taking on the responsibilities for a child in place of the child's natural parents but without legally adopting the child.


Fostering a child can be a very fulfilling experience.

They have decided to become foster parents.


Nurture
Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing 


It is the family that can provide a supportive, secure, and nurturing environment, which is crucial to the way in which a child becomes an adult.

Overprotective Parents
Wishing to protect a child too much 


Children who have had overprotective parents do not build up a strong character to deal with the outside world on their own. 

Spoiled Child
A child who shows bad behaviour from overindulgence by their parents 


Children who are given everything that they demand from their parents may become very spoiled.




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VOCABULAY FOR IELTS 5

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:22 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 5- Science 

 

Placebo

 

A drug which has no physical effects, used in pharmaceutical tests to compare the physical effects of taking a real drug from its psychological effects

 

 

She was given a placebo, not the real drug, but she said she felt much better

 

Placebo

Effect


The placebo effect is when someone's condition improves because they think they are taking medicine

 


She was given a placebo, not the real drug, but she said she felt much better- that's the placebo effect

 

A side

effect

 

An extra, usually bad, occurrence caused by taking a drug



Drugs should not be tested on animals because there are many possible side effects

Much of today's modern medicine has side effects. I prefer alternative therapies

 

 

Proof

 

 

To show a particular result after a period of time



The amount of evidence that scientists now have proves that climate change is being caused by humans

We now have proof that climate change is caused by human activity

 

Experiment

 


A test done in order to learn something or to find out whether something works or is true



Experimenting on animals is necessary in order to discover if new drugs are dangerous or not

Scientists are conducting experiments to test the effectiveness of the new drug


 

 

Gene

 


A part of the DNA in a cell which contains information in a special pattern received by each animal or plant from its parents, and which controls its physical development, behaviour, etc



Genes are an important factor in personaility development

The doctors think his illness was genetic

It came from his mother because she had the same illness when she was young


Genetic

Engineering /

Modification


Changing the structure of the genes of a living thing in order to make it healthier or stronger or more useful to humans


 

There is evidence that genetically modified food is harmful to humans.

Some plants have been genetically engineered to be resistant to herbicides.


Genetically

Modified

Organisms

(GMOs)


Plants, animals or micro organisms that have changed through genetic engineering



Most commercialised GMO crop plants are insect resistant and/or herbicide tolerant


Clone


A plant or animal which has the same genes as the original from which it was produced



The first animal to be cloned was Dolly the sheep

I believe that cloning humans is unethical


Geoengineering


The deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system, in order to try and control global warming



Some scientists believe geoengineering is the only way to reduce the warming of the climate

Controlling the weather by geoengineering is a possible solution to climate change, but it is controversial


Cyber


A prefix for things related to computers, especially the internet


 

Cyberbulling via social media such as Facebook has become a major problem

cybercafe is a place where you can buy drinks and use computers at the same time

High-Tech /

Hi-Tech


Using the most advanced and developed machines and methods



Japan is a very high-tech country

Everyone has all the latest electronic gadgets


Theory


A formal statement of the rules on which a subject of study is based or of ideas which are suggested to explain a fact or event or, more generally, an opinion or explanation



There are two opposing theories on the causes of climate change - one says it is caused by humans, the other believe it is a natural cycle



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 4

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:19 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 4 -The Arts Vocabulary

 

The Arts

 

Art forms created by humans, divided into visual, literary, and performing

 

 

The government should not waste money on the arts. This should be spent on public services instead

 

 

Culture


The systems of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion that are shared by a relatively large group of people

 


The culture of a country is reflected in its art

Cultural differences can cause problems if you do business in another country


Creative

 

Relating to or involving the imagination or original ideas, especially in the production of an artistic work



He is an incredibly creative person - he's written many books and plays and he can paint as well


Classical


Music that is considered to be part of a long especially formal tradition and to be of lasting value



I prefer classical music such as Mozart and Bach to modern day pop music

 

Musical


A play or film in which part of the story is sung to music (noun).

OR

A skill in or great liking for music (adjective)



"The Phantom of the Opera" is one of the best musicals that I have ever seen

Everyone in the family can play an instrument - they are very musical


Opera


An art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and music, usually in a theatre



Opera is not very popular amongst young people these days


Theatre


A building, room, or outside structure with rows of seats, each row usually higher than the one in front, from which people can watch a performance or other activity



My hometown does not have any theatres

There are many in the capital though

 

Performance


A show or action involving the entertaining of other people by dancing, singing, acting, or playing music



His performance as MacBeth was amazing

There will be a performance of a famous play at the Lyceum Theatre tonight


Festival


An organized set of special events, such as musical, art or film performances



The Cannes Film festival has some great movies this year.

The local council organizes a music festival in my town every year


Exhibition


An event at which objects such as paintings are shown to the public



There will be an exhibition at the weekend to show all of his latest paintings

His paintings were exhibited at the local art gallery over the weekend


Sculpture


The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood



The museum has many life-sized sculptures of past Kings and Queens of England


Abstract


A type of painting, drawing, or sculpture that uses shapes, lines, and colour in a way that does not try to represent the appearance of people or things



Jackson Pollock is one of the most famous abstract artists. He famous for dripping and splattering paint onto his canvas


Display


A collection of objects or pictures arranged for people to look at, or a performance or show for people to watch (= being shown)



Jackson Pollock's most famous paintings are on display at the Tate Modern Art Gallery in London for 10 days


Inspired


To be filled with the urge or ability to do or feel something, especially to do something creative



Shakespears plays have inspired many young people to take up writing and acting

His method of acting really inspires me


Artifact


An object that is made by a person, such as a tool or a decoration, especially one that is of historical interest.



The museum in town has many artifacts that were found in the local area. Most are tools from the Stone Age


Choreograph


Compose the sequence of steps and moves for a ballet or other performance of dance



Their dance routines had been carefully choreographed so there would be no mistakes



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 2

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:07 ق.ظ

Types of shops in English


department store – a shop that sells many different items in different departments. Harrods is probably the world's best known department store.

supermarket – a large shop that sells mostly food and household items.

grocer (UK) / grocery store (US) – a shop that sells food.

greengrocer – sells fresh fruit and vegetables.

butcher - sells fresh meat.

baker – sells fresh bread and cakes.

fishmonger – sells fresh fish.

chemist (UK) / drugstore (US) – sells medicines and toiletries.

pharmacy (US) – sells medicines.

newsagent - sells newspapers and magazines.

stationer – sells paper goods.

optician – sells glasses / contact lenses.

DIY store – sells things for home improvement.

hardware shop / hardware store / ironmonger – hard goods, such as nails and screws.

corner shop (UK) – a shop on the corner of your street, selling a range of basic goods – food, newspapers, sweets, bread, etc.

delicatessen (deli) – sells specialist food not normally found in supermarkets. For example, an Italian deli, an Asian deli.

bookshop / bookstore – books.

market – market traders (people who work on a market) have stalls that sell fruit and vegetables, clothes, household items and so on.

petshop - for pets and pet food.

flea market – a group of stalls selling old furniture or clothes.

tea shop (UK) – like a cafe, but sells tea and cakes.

petrol station (UK) / gas station (US) sells petrol, car products and sometimes food.

 



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 1

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:00 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 1

Giving directions 

lesson23

Useful English phrases for giving directions

If you're in a new town or city and you want to know where a place or building is, these are useful phrases to ask for (and get) directions.

How you can ask

Say "Excuse me" before you ask a person. To make it sound like a question, make your voice go up on "me".

"Excuse me. How do I get to (the railway station) please?"

"Excuse me. Where's the nearest (post office) please?"

"Excuse me. I'm looking for the Number 6 bus stop."

Giving directions

The person who helps you often says how near or far the place is:

"It's about five minutes from here."
"It's about a ten-minute walk."
"It's easier if I can show you on the map…"

Specific instructions

Here are some useful words and phrases for giving street instructions.

"Turn left / right."

"Go straight on at the lights / when you come to the crossroads." (Lights = traffic lights; crossroads = where two roads cross)

"Go across the roundabout." (Roundabout = where all the cars go round a circle in the middle of the road)

"Take the first turning / road / street on your left / right." (Turning = road that goes left or right)

"You'll see / You'll come to a (bank). Then …"

"Don't take the first road."

"Go on for about (2 minutes / 100 metres)."

Landmarks

We often make reference to landmarks when we give directions to help the other person. These can be places in a town, such as cinema, bank, bus stop, etc. They can also be parts of the road system. Here are some common terms:

taxi rank = a place where taxis queue for passengers

level crossing = where the road and railway meet. There are barriers that go up and down to signal when a train is coming

underpass = a walkway that goes under a busy road so pedestrians can get to the other side safely

overpass / flyover = a road that goes over another road (or railway)

zebra crossing = black and white markings in the road for pedestrians to cross the road (the markings look like a zebra's stripes)

pedestrian crossing = a place in the road where pedestrians can cross. Often there are traffic lights.

tunnel = a road under (or through) mountains

crossroads = where two roads cross each other

junction = where one road meets another, and you can either go left or right

fork in the road = where the road divides, and you decide to go left or right

turning = a road off to your left or right

main road = a big road where there is lots of traffic

lane = a small road, or a part of a road (the left-hand lane / the right-hand lane; the bus lane)

Use prepositions of direction

Go past = continue past something so that is is now behind you

Go across = cross something, like a road or crossroads

Go along = continue down a road

Go straight on = don't turn left or right

Go up = walk / drive up a hill

Go down = walk or drive down a hill or a road

Go through = pass through something, such as a tunnel or a town

Go out of = exit (i.e. a railway station)

It's in front of you = you can see it facing you

It's opposite the bank = it faces the bank

It's on the corner = it's where two roads meet at a 90° angle




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Vocabulary For IELTS 3

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:07 ق.ظ

Fitness, Diet and Health Vocabulary

 

 

Overweight

 

Fat

 

 

70% of the population is now overweight according to official figures.

 

Obesity


Extrememly fat or overweight.

 


Obesity is now a real problems for teenagers.

Teenagers who are obese are often bullied at school.


Eating Disorder

 

A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.



Bulimia and anorexia are types of eating disorder. Both are beoming more common.


Nutrients


Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.



A healthy diet should consist of all the essentialnutrients.

This meal is very nutritious.


Diet


The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group.

OR

When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.



It is important to have a healthy diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

I've been on a diet now for four weeks, and I've lost about one kilo.


Overeating


Eating more than your body needs.



There is evidence that overeating is one of the main causes of obesity..


Ingredients


A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.



The ingredients of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.

 

Allergy


A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.



Allergies are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet.

Iif I eat nuts, I have an allergic reaction. I cannot breath properly.


Additive


A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.



This food is full of additives so I'm not going to eat it.


Prevent


To stop something from happening.



Lots of exercise wil prevent a heart attack.

The prevention of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.


Variety


Often changing and being different.



When preparing meals, you need to think aboutvariety and taste as well as nutritional value.


Appetite


When you want to eat food.



All that exercise has given me an appetite.


Fibre


A substance in foods such as fruit, vegetables and brown bread, which travels through the body as waste and helps the contents of the bowels to pass through the body easily.



A diet that is high in fibre is important in order to maintain a healthy body.


Regular


Happening or doing something often.



Regular physical exercise is important for good health.


Vitamins


Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.



Many people take vitamin supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.


Diabetes


A disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood.



Diabetes is becoming much more prevalent ( = common or widespread) amongst children.


 

Health


The condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well.



Fruit has several health benefits.

Elderly people can have many health problems.

The health care in the country is deteriorating ( =getting worse).

There may be health risks from eating too much red meat.

Health education is very important if we are to prevent illness and reduce medical costs.

Sweden has one of the best health systems in the word.

_____________________________________________

The population of the country is in good health.

Lack of exercise can lead to poor health.

_____________________________________________

He has a very healthy diet.

I have a healthy appetite.

 





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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:27 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 6 - Environment 


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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 7

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:29 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 7- INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


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