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IELTS REPORT TIP 10

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:08 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: diagram overview

After the introduction, I tell my students to write an overview of the information shown on the chart. When the chart shows numbers, we look for the highest, lowest, biggest change, overall trend etc.

But how do you write an overview of a diagram that doesn't show numbers?

Here are some things you could put in a process diagram overview:

·    The total number of steps in the process.

·    Where the process begins and ends.

And this is what you could write about for a comparing diagram:

·         The total number of changes or differences.

·         The main changes or differences.

·         The main similarities or what doesn't change



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IELTS REPORT TIP 9

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:06 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: describing percentages

Here are 3 useful techniques for describing percentages:

1. English speakers usually put the percentage at the start of the sentence.

2. Use while, whereas or compared to (after a comma) to add a comparison.

3. Use "the figure for" to add another comparison in the next sentence.

Use these examples as models for your own sentences:

In 1999, 35% of British people went abroad for their holidays, while only 28% of Australians spent their holidays in a different country. The figure for the USA stood at 31%.

Around 40% of women in the UK had an undergraduate qualification in 1999,compared to 37% of men. The figures for the year 2000 rose slightly to 42% and 38% respectively


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IELTS REPORT TIP 8

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:03 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: double, twice as, twofold

A few students have asked me about how to use 'double', 'twice as', 'three times', 'twofold', 'threefold' etc. Compare how each word/phrase is used in the following examples:

1. 'double' (verb)

The number of unemployed people doubled between 2005 and 2009.

2. 'twice as...as/compared to', 'three times as...as/compared to'

There were twice as many unemployed people in 2009 as in 2005.
Twice as many people were unemployed in 2009 compared to 2005.

3. 'twofold', 'threefold' (adjective or adverb)

There was a twofold increase in the number of unemployed people between 2005 and 2009. (adjective with the noun 'increase')
The number of unemployed people increased twofold between 2005 and 2009. (adverb with the verb 'increase')



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IELTS REPORT TIP 7

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:57 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: 'to' or 'by'

In IELTS writing task 1, you might need to use verbs like increase, decrease, rise and fall. These verbs can be followed by the words 'to' and 'by', but what's the difference?

Let's use these figures:
- Company profit in 2005 = £20,000
- Company profit in 2010 = £25,000

Now compare these sentences:
- Company profit rose to £25,000 in 2010.
- Company profit rose by £5,000 between 2005 and 2010.

It's easy: 'to' is used before the new figure, and 'by' is used to show the change. It's the same when you are talking about a fall.

IELTS Writing Task 1: a common mistake

Students often make mistakes with thousands, millions and billions. It might seem strange, but you should say "10 million" not "10 millions". It's the same with hundred, thousand and billion. Try to avoid this mistake in writing task 1 - examiners notice it!

Correct: 10 million people
Wrong: 10 millions people, 10 millions of people, 10 million of people

Note:
When there is no number, we do write "millions of".
e.g. Millions of people travel abroad each year.

IELTS Writing Task 1: repeating key words

Students often worry about repeating the same words in writing task 1. For example, in last week's lesson I repeated the phrase average weekly spendingmaybe three times. Is this a big problem?

No! Repeating a key word or phrase a few times is not a problem; sometimes it is necessary to show that you are consistently talking about the same thing. If you try to use too much variety, there is a danger that you will confuse the reader or write something that does not mean what you want it to mean.

It's fine to either repeat the key words or make small changes. Look at these examples of small changes I made to the phrase average weekly spending:

·    spent on average

·    average expenditure

·    weekly spending figures

·    levels of spending

·    spent per week



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IELTS REPORT TIP 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:54 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: 'overview' not conclusion

You don't need to write a conclusion for IELTS writing task 1. You need to write an "overview" of the information.

But why don't you need to write a conclusion? What's the difference between a conclusion and an overview?

First, a conclusion is really a final judgment, decision or opinion. This is perfect for the task 2 essay, but task 1 asks you to write a description without analysis or opinions. On the other hand, an "overview" is a simple description of the main points. It is a summary of the information shown in the graph or chart.

Second, a conclusion should be at the end of a piece of writing. An overview or general summary could go either at the end or near the beginning. Personally, I think it's a good idea to describe the main features of the graph or chart near the beginning of your essay.



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IELTS REPORT TIP 5

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:49 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1:  Use 'while' sentences

I often write 'while' sentences in my task 2 introductions. I also like using 'while' in writing task 1 to make comparisons.

In the following example sentences, notice the position of 'while' and where I put the comma that separates the items being compared.

1) 'while' at the beginning of the sentence:

While the number of people who travelled by train increased gradually, the number of bus passengers fell steadily.

2) 'while' in the middle of the sentence:

In 1970, around 5 million UK commuters travelled by car on a daily basis, while the bus and train were used by about 4 million and 2 million people respectively.




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IELTS REPORT TIP 4

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:46 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: technique review

Let's review the approach (method / technique) that I suggest for writing task 1. Your task 1 essay should contain three elements:

1.You need a short introduction to explain what the graph, chart or diagram shows. The easiest way to write this is by paraphrasing the question. The examiner will be impressed if you can paraphrase effectively.

2.You need an overview of the information. This means that you need to look at the "big picture", not the individual details. I recommend writing a short paragraph with two sentences that summarise two main things that you can see on the chart. If you forget the overview, you'll get a lower score.

3.Finally, you need to describe some specific details. This is where you select, describe and compare individual pieces of information (usually numbers). I try to separate this description of details into two paragraphs.




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IELTS REPORT TIP 3

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:43 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: avoid common mistakes

Here's some advice to help you avoid common mistakes in IELTS writing task 1:

1. Don't copy the question for your introduction. You should paraphrase the question (i.e. rewrite it using some different words).

2. Don't forget to separate your paragraphs clearly.

3. Don't forget to write a good summary/overview of the information. A quick one-sentence conclusion is not good enough. I prefer to put the overview straight after the introduction, and I try to write 2 sentences describing the information in general. You won't get a high score if you don't write a good overview.

4. Don't describe items separately (e.g. 2 lines on a graph). You should always try to compare things if it is possible to do so. Instead of describing 2 lines separately, compare the 2 lines at key points.

5. Don't try to describe every number on a chart or graph (unless there are only a few numbers). A key skill in task 1 is being able to choose the key information and describe or compare it well. I usually mention around 6 or 7 numbers in my main paragraphs.

6. Don't spend longer than 20 minutes on task 1. Practise spending 5 minutes on each of your 4 paragraphs. Stop yourself after 20 minutes; remember that task 2 is worth more marks.



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IELTS REPORT TIP 2

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-10:21 ق.ظ

 For the task 1 report, I recommend this 9 sentences formula:

 

·    Introduction: 1 sentence

·    Overview (summary): 2 sentences

·    First 'details' paragraph: 3 sentences

·    Second 'details' paragraph: 3 sentences



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IELTS REPORT TIP 1- TRENDS

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:چهارشنبه 28 خرداد 1393-02:43 ب.ظ

Tip 1 - Describing Trends


In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 you will be tested on your ability to describe and interpret information presented in a graph, table, chart or diagram.

You will need to describe trends, compare and contrast data or report statistical information. Occasionally you will need to describe a process (which we will explain in another section).

In order to do well in this section, you need to know specific vocabulary related to describing trends.

Verbs to describe an upward trend

The following verbs can be used to describe a trend or pattern that goes up.

· go up (past: went up)

· grow (past: grew)

· increase (past: increased)

· jump (past: jumped)

· rise (past: rose)

 Sentence examples using words that show an upward trend:

· The number of enrollments increased significantly between 2005 and 2010.

· Production rose from 800 units in May to 1000 units the following month.

Verbs to describe a downward trend

The following verbs can be used to describe a trend or pattern that goes down.

· decline (past: declined)

· decrease (past: decreased)

· drop (past: dropped)

· fall (past: fell)

· go down (past: went down)


      Sentence examples using words that show a downward trend:

· Prices of Model X dropped significantly once Model Y became available on the market.

· Company profits decreased in 2013 by 15%.

Words and phrases used to describe a stable trend

To describe a more or less stable pattern, you can use the following expressions:

· maintain (past: maintained)

· remain (past: remained)

· stay (past: stayed)

· constant

· stable

· steady

· unchanged

Adverbs used when describing trends

Adverbs describe HOW something happens. They usually come after a verb.

· sharply, rapidly, quickly, steeply

· considerably, significantly, substantially

· steadily, gradually, moderately

· slightly, slowly


Nouns used when describing trends

· decline

· decrease

· dip (a momentarily small drop in the level of something)

· drop

· fall

· fluctuation (= an irregular rising and falling in number or amount; a variation)

· growth

· increase

· peak (= the highest point)

· rise

· slump (= a severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something)

· variation (= a change or difference in condition, amount, or level)


Quick IELTS Academic Writing Tips when describing trends

Do not describe every small upwards or downwards movement. You need to look at the important trends or characteristics and give a general overview.

You will normally use verbs in the past tense when describing trends though always look for dates to confirm which tense to use.

Do not write about things that do not appear in the graph. You shouldn't give an opinion, just describe the information that appears.

Even if your grammar (and vocabulary) is perfect, you will lose marks for not showing an accurate understanding.



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