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IELTS LETTER TIP 5

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 آذر 1394-09:48 ق.ظ

IELTS General Writing: letter to a tutor


You have a full-time job and are also doing a part-time evening course. You now find that you cannot continue the course. Write a letter to the course tutor. In your letter

·    describe the situation

·    explain why you cannot continue at this time

·    say what action you would like to take

There are three main things to consider before writing your essay:

1. Tone (formal or informal)
Sometimes students are friendly with their tutors, but I think it would be better to write a formal letter. Start with your tutor’s surname (e.g. Dear Mr. Smith,) and end with “Yours sincerely,”. Avoid contractions (write “I am” instead of “I’m”), and avoid using informal idioms or expressions. Be polite rather than friendly.

2. Purpose
The main purpose of this letter is to inform your tutor that you are leaving the course. Make this clear straight away (e.g. I am writing to inform you that...). Then cover the three points, writing a short paragraph for each.

3. Ideas
I recommend spending a few minutes planning ideas for each of the task points before you start writing. You need to decide what the evening course is about, what your full-time job is, a reason why you are too busy with work to continue with the course, and whether you want to leave completely or perhaps continue at a later date.



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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IELTS LETTER TIP 4

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 آذر 1394-08:54 ق.ظ

IELTS General Writing: formal phrases


Beginning the letter by explaining why you are writing:

·    I am writing with regard to...

·    I am writing to inform you that...

·    I am writing to bring to your attention some issues with...

Requesting or suggesting something:

·    I have decided that I would like you to...

·    I am entitled to ask for...

·    I was wondering if it would be possible (for me) to...

·    I hope that you will...

·    I would like to suggest that...

Ending the letter with a request for action:

·    I look forward to receiving your response.

·    I await your prompt response.



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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IELTS LETTER TIP 3

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 آذر 1394-08:52 ق.ظ

IELTS General Writing: things to avoid

Here are some mistakes that you should avoid in writing task 1 of the GT test:

1.    The main purpose of the letter isn't clear.

2.    You didn't cover all of the points.

3.    You wrote too much about one point, and neglected the others.

4.    You didn't separate your paragraphs clearly.

5.    You didn't get the 'tone' right (formal or informal).

6.    The letter doesn't 'flow' well because ideas are badly organised.

Avoid these mistakes, and you are on the way to writing a good letter!



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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IELTS LETTER TIP 2

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 آذر 1394-08:49 ق.ظ

IELTS General Training: informal and formal

Informal letter:

·    Beginning: Dear + first name

·    Friendly greeting: I hope this letter finds you well.

·    Contractions: I'm, didn't, couldn't, there's...

·    Questions: Do you remember...? Why don't you...?

·    Exclamation: ...earlier than I thought it was!

·    Linking: Well, Anyway, so, and

·    Phrases: had a great time, couldn't have asked for, working flat out, back to normal

·    Ending: Hope to see you soon + first name

Formal letter:

·    Beginning: Dear Sir or Madam

·    No greeting necessary

·    No contractions: I am, did not...

·    Normally avoid direct questions: "I would like" instead of "Can I have?"

·    No exclamation marks (!)

·    Linking: However, Consequently, and, also

·    Phrases and vocabulary: with regard to, appliance, it was installed, the following day, failed to (meaning "didn't"), procedure, he assured me, report the issue, contacted, under warranty, I am entitled to, replacement, phone me personally

·    Ending: I await your prompt response, Yours faithfully + full name



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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IELTS LETTER TIP 1

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 آذر 1394-08:44 ق.ظ

IELTS General Writing: the opening sentence

After writing "Dear..." it's a good idea to establish the main purpose of the letter straight away in your opening sentence. Here are some examples:

1. Formal letter (e.g. complaining to a manager)
I am writing to complain about the unacceptable state of the room I was given, and the unhelpful attitude of certain members of staff at your hotel.

2. Semi-formal letter (e.g. inviting a neighbour)
My wife and I would like to invite you to a dinner party at our home next Saturday evening.

3. Informal letter (e.g. thanking a friend)
I hope you're well. I'm just writing to say thanks for letting me stay over at your house while I was in London last week.



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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IELTS LETTER TIPS 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 7 مرداد 1392-01:50 ب.ظ

Informal IELTS letter questions

This is the next in my series of sample IELTS letters for general training IELTS. In this lesson, I focus on how to write a letter using informal language. I talk you through 6 different ways to write informally and then show you an informal letter and analyse the informal language in it.

The question

You won a competition and received a vacation for two as a prize. Write a letter to ask them to go on holiday with you. In the letter, you should:

  • tell him/her about the competition you won,
  • state what kind of vacation it is,
  • explain why you would like him/her to go on holiday with you
You should understand from this question that you need to make the letter informal as you are writing to a friend and that the key vocabulary you need relates to holidays.
 

Making the letter more informal

Here are some tips on how to make your letters more informal. The general idea is that your more informal writing should look a little like speech:

Short forms

In more formal academic writing, you should never use short forms, but you can (and perhaps should) in this type of letter. So

I have = I’ve

I am = I’m

I will = I’ll

It is/It has = It’s

Pronouns – being personal

In more formal/academic writing, we normally avoid using first and second person pronouns and tend to use more impersonal language. In more informal letters, it is generally best to be as personal as possible:

It seems like a sensible idea = I think it’s a good idea

One thing to do would be = You should try

Sentence length and direct questions

In more formal/academic writing, you should avoid very short sentences. In this type of writing, you can use some very short sentences – often this works best with direct questions. Be a little careful with this, however. You also need to include longer and more complex sentences as well to show that you variety of grammar. Here are some possibilities for you to consider:

How about it?

What do you think?

Idioms and phrasal verbs

Normally, when we are writing more formally, we avoid using idioms and phrasal verbs as they are more typical of spoken language. It is, however, quite possible to use some idioms and phrasal verbs in less formal letters. Here are some phrasal verbs you could use:

visit = drop by or come round

investigate = look into

manage = get by

meet/find = come across

Vocabulary choice

In more formal/academic writing, there are some words we normally avoid using, but which you can use in this less formal type of writing. These words are either very simple general use words or imprecise words:

get = more formally “become” or “receive” or “obtain”

great = “excellent”

really = “extremely”

thing = object/activity

sort of = “type of”

Direct language and politeness

If you are writing a more formal letter, you need to be careful that it is appropriately polite. When you are writing to a friend, however, you do not need to be so polite. Typically, when we are polite we use more indirect language, but with friends we are much more direct and can even use imperative forms. So for example:

I would like = I want

I would be grateful if you could come = Please come

The model letter

Dear Pablo,

I’ve got some really exciting news to share with you. Guess what? I’ve won a holiday for two people in a competition. I do hope that you can come with me.

All I had to do to win the competition was write a slogan for a local travel agency. My winning submission was “Fly LTC and see the world”. As I said, my prize is a holiday and it is a cruise around the Mediterranean for a fortnight. The ship is the latest luxury liner and has all sorts of entertainment facilities including a swimming pool, a cinema complex and onboard tennis courts. It sounds as if it should be great fun.

I really hope that you are available sometime this summer. I’d love it if you could come with me, as it sounds just your cup of tea and you could always act as an interpreter for me when we get to Spain!

I need to book the cruise quite soon, so just drop me a line if you are free.

All the best

Angela



 



نوع مطلب : LETTER نكات 

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