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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 4

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:19 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 4 -The Arts Vocabulary

 

The Arts

 

Art forms created by humans, divided into visual, literary, and performing

 

 

The government should not waste money on the arts. This should be spent on public services instead

 

 

Culture


The systems of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion that are shared by a relatively large group of people

 


The culture of a country is reflected in its art

Cultural differences can cause problems if you do business in another country


Creative

 

Relating to or involving the imagination or original ideas, especially in the production of an artistic work



He is an incredibly creative person - he's written many books and plays and he can paint as well


Classical


Music that is considered to be part of a long especially formal tradition and to be of lasting value



I prefer classical music such as Mozart and Bach to modern day pop music

 

Musical


A play or film in which part of the story is sung to music (noun).

OR

A skill in or great liking for music (adjective)



"The Phantom of the Opera" is one of the best musicals that I have ever seen

Everyone in the family can play an instrument - they are very musical


Opera


An art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and music, usually in a theatre



Opera is not very popular amongst young people these days


Theatre


A building, room, or outside structure with rows of seats, each row usually higher than the one in front, from which people can watch a performance or other activity



My hometown does not have any theatres

There are many in the capital though

 

Performance


A show or action involving the entertaining of other people by dancing, singing, acting, or playing music



His performance as MacBeth was amazing

There will be a performance of a famous play at the Lyceum Theatre tonight


Festival


An organized set of special events, such as musical, art or film performances



The Cannes Film festival has some great movies this year.

The local council organizes a music festival in my town every year


Exhibition


An event at which objects such as paintings are shown to the public



There will be an exhibition at the weekend to show all of his latest paintings

His paintings were exhibited at the local art gallery over the weekend


Sculpture


The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood



The museum has many life-sized sculptures of past Kings and Queens of England


Abstract


A type of painting, drawing, or sculpture that uses shapes, lines, and colour in a way that does not try to represent the appearance of people or things



Jackson Pollock is one of the most famous abstract artists. He famous for dripping and splattering paint onto his canvas


Display


A collection of objects or pictures arranged for people to look at, or a performance or show for people to watch (= being shown)



Jackson Pollock's most famous paintings are on display at the Tate Modern Art Gallery in London for 10 days


Inspired


To be filled with the urge or ability to do or feel something, especially to do something creative



Shakespears plays have inspired many young people to take up writing and acting

His method of acting really inspires me


Artifact


An object that is made by a person, such as a tool or a decoration, especially one that is of historical interest.



The museum in town has many artifacts that were found in the local area. Most are tools from the Stone Age


Choreograph


Compose the sequence of steps and moves for a ballet or other performance of dance



Their dance routines had been carefully choreographed so there would be no mistakes



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Vocabulary For IELTS 3

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:07 ق.ظ

Fitness, Diet and Health Vocabulary

 

 

Overweight

 

Fat

 

 

70% of the population is now overweight according to official figures.

 

Obesity


Extrememly fat or overweight.

 


Obesity is now a real problems for teenagers.

Teenagers who are obese are often bullied at school.


Eating Disorder

 

A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.



Bulimia and anorexia are types of eating disorder. Both are beoming more common.


Nutrients


Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.



A healthy diet should consist of all the essentialnutrients.

This meal is very nutritious.


Diet


The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group.

OR

When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.



It is important to have a healthy diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

I've been on a diet now for four weeks, and I've lost about one kilo.


Overeating


Eating more than your body needs.



There is evidence that overeating is one of the main causes of obesity..


Ingredients


A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.



The ingredients of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.

 

Allergy


A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.



Allergies are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet.

Iif I eat nuts, I have an allergic reaction. I cannot breath properly.


Additive


A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.



This food is full of additives so I'm not going to eat it.


Prevent


To stop something from happening.



Lots of exercise wil prevent a heart attack.

The prevention of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.


Variety


Often changing and being different.



When preparing meals, you need to think aboutvariety and taste as well as nutritional value.


Appetite


When you want to eat food.



All that exercise has given me an appetite.


Fibre


A substance in foods such as fruit, vegetables and brown bread, which travels through the body as waste and helps the contents of the bowels to pass through the body easily.



A diet that is high in fibre is important in order to maintain a healthy body.


Regular


Happening or doing something often.



Regular physical exercise is important for good health.


Vitamins


Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.



Many people take vitamin supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.


Diabetes


A disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood.



Diabetes is becoming much more prevalent ( = common or widespread) amongst children.


 

Health


The condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well.



Fruit has several health benefits.

Elderly people can have many health problems.

The health care in the country is deteriorating ( =getting worse).

There may be health risks from eating too much red meat.

Health education is very important if we are to prevent illness and reduce medical costs.

Sweden has one of the best health systems in the word.

_____________________________________________

The population of the country is in good health.

Lack of exercise can lead to poor health.

_____________________________________________

He has a very healthy diet.

I have a healthy appetite.

 





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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 2

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:07 ق.ظ

Types of shops in English


department store – a shop that sells many different items in different departments. Harrods is probably the world's best known department store.

supermarket – a large shop that sells mostly food and household items.

grocer (UK) / grocery store (US) – a shop that sells food.

greengrocer – sells fresh fruit and vegetables.

butcher - sells fresh meat.

baker – sells fresh bread and cakes.

fishmonger – sells fresh fish.

chemist (UK) / drugstore (US) – sells medicines and toiletries.

pharmacy (US) – sells medicines.

newsagent - sells newspapers and magazines.

stationer – sells paper goods.

optician – sells glasses / contact lenses.

DIY store – sells things for home improvement.

hardware shop / hardware store / ironmonger – hard goods, such as nails and screws.

corner shop (UK) – a shop on the corner of your street, selling a range of basic goods – food, newspapers, sweets, bread, etc.

delicatessen (deli) – sells specialist food not normally found in supermarkets. For example, an Italian deli, an Asian deli.

bookshop / bookstore – books.

market – market traders (people who work on a market) have stalls that sell fruit and vegetables, clothes, household items and so on.

petshop - for pets and pet food.

flea market – a group of stalls selling old furniture or clothes.

tea shop (UK) – like a cafe, but sells tea and cakes.

petrol station (UK) / gas station (US) sells petrol, car products and sometimes food.

 



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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 1

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:00 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 1

Giving directions 

lesson23

Useful English phrases for giving directions

If you're in a new town or city and you want to know where a place or building is, these are useful phrases to ask for (and get) directions.

How you can ask

Say "Excuse me" before you ask a person. To make it sound like a question, make your voice go up on "me".

"Excuse me. How do I get to (the railway station) please?"

"Excuse me. Where's the nearest (post office) please?"

"Excuse me. I'm looking for the Number 6 bus stop."

Giving directions

The person who helps you often says how near or far the place is:

"It's about five minutes from here."
"It's about a ten-minute walk."
"It's easier if I can show you on the map…"

Specific instructions

Here are some useful words and phrases for giving street instructions.

"Turn left / right."

"Go straight on at the lights / when you come to the crossroads." (Lights = traffic lights; crossroads = where two roads cross)

"Go across the roundabout." (Roundabout = where all the cars go round a circle in the middle of the road)

"Take the first turning / road / street on your left / right." (Turning = road that goes left or right)

"You'll see / You'll come to a (bank). Then …"

"Don't take the first road."

"Go on for about (2 minutes / 100 metres)."

Landmarks

We often make reference to landmarks when we give directions to help the other person. These can be places in a town, such as cinema, bank, bus stop, etc. They can also be parts of the road system. Here are some common terms:

taxi rank = a place where taxis queue for passengers

level crossing = where the road and railway meet. There are barriers that go up and down to signal when a train is coming

underpass = a walkway that goes under a busy road so pedestrians can get to the other side safely

overpass / flyover = a road that goes over another road (or railway)

zebra crossing = black and white markings in the road for pedestrians to cross the road (the markings look like a zebra's stripes)

pedestrian crossing = a place in the road where pedestrians can cross. Often there are traffic lights.

tunnel = a road under (or through) mountains

crossroads = where two roads cross each other

junction = where one road meets another, and you can either go left or right

fork in the road = where the road divides, and you decide to go left or right

turning = a road off to your left or right

main road = a big road where there is lots of traffic

lane = a small road, or a part of a road (the left-hand lane / the right-hand lane; the bus lane)

Use prepositions of direction

Go past = continue past something so that is is now behind you

Go across = cross something, like a road or crossroads

Go along = continue down a road

Go straight on = don't turn left or right

Go up = walk / drive up a hill

Go down = walk or drive down a hill or a road

Go through = pass through something, such as a tunnel or a town

Go out of = exit (i.e. a railway station)

It's in front of you = you can see it facing you

It's opposite the bank = it faces the bank

It's on the corner = it's where two roads meet at a 90° angle




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دوره های فشرده آیلتس

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-07:47 ق.ظ

دوره های آنلاین آیلتس 

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PRE-IELTS UPPER-INTERMEDIATE  رسیدن به نمره 510یک ماه 70,000
IELTS ADVENCEDرسیدن به نمره 6 10یک ماه70,000
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* به دلیل تقاضای بالا در ترم بهار, پیش از تکمیل ظرفیت تماس بگیرید.
* سیدنی (محل زندگی من) پنج ساعت از ایران جلوتر است بنابر این ساعات تماس شما باید بین چهار صبح الی 7 شب ایران باشد.
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SPEAKING PART3-SAMPLE 10

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-10:44 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 3: How will the Internet affect our lives?

The "perspectives technique" for generating ideas can also be useful in the IELTS speaking test. Here's an example:

How do you think the Internet will affect our lives in the future?

Personal perspective:
I think the Internet will have a huge impact on our lives. More and more people are using social websites to keep in touch with friends. I think the Internet will probably replace TV because most channels are already available online.

Economic perspective:
Also, I think we'll do more online shopping. Web-based companies like Amazon are already really successful. In the future, there will probably be more companies that only sell via the Internet, and I expect we'll spend more money online than in traditional shops.

Educational perspective:
Schools and universities might also use the Internet to provide courses, so online learning will probably become a normal part of life.




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SPEAKING PART3-SAMPLE 9

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-10:42 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 3: status symbols

In part 3 of the IELTS speaking test you should try to give longer answers with opinions, reasons, comparisons and examples. Here are some example questions and answers related to last week's part 2 topic:

In your country, what possessions show a higher status or position in society?

In my country, people who are wealthy tend to buy big houses and cars. Certain makes of car such as Mercedes or Ferrari are status symbols. They let other people know that you are important or powerful. People who want to give this impression often wear expensive designer clothes, or watches by brands like Rolex.

Do you think we place too much importance on possessions?

Probably, yes. Some people are obsessed with showing off their new mobile phone or wearing the latest fashions. I think it's a problem for teenagers because there's a lot of peer pressure to follow fashion or buy the latest gadget that their friends have got.

Do you think things were different 50 years ago?

Yes, maybe people were less materialistic. I think they bought things that lasted longer; my grandparents talk about how they repaired things rather than throwing them away. Maybe brands and advertising weren't as powerful as they are now.



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SPEAKING PART3- SAMPLE 8

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-10:39 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 3: children's toys

1. Do you think it's important for boys to play with "boys' toys" and for girls to only play with "girls' toys"?

I think boys naturally seem to prefer playing with "boys' toys" and girls with "girls' toys". When I was young I had toy cars, trucks, guns and things like that, whereas my sister always wanted to play with dolls. I don't suppose it really matters if a boy plays with a doll or a girl plays with a toy car, but children learn quickly what toys are supposed to be for boys and for girls.

2. Do you think it's good if parents only buy "educational" toys for their children?

No, I don't agree with only giving children educational toys. In my opinion, children learn by playing with whatever interests them. Children invent their own games, even if they don't have any toys at all. It's important for children just to have fun; there will be plenty of time for parents to worry about education when their children get older.



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SPEAKING PART3-SAMPLE 7

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-10:37 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 3: 'history' topic

1. What do you think we can learn by studying events of the past?

I think we can learn a lot by studying history. Just as individual people learn from their mistakes, societies can learn from the mistakes made by previous governments or leaders. For example, from what I've read in the newspapers, many economists are looking back to the time of the Great Depression, around 80 years ago, in order to understand the financial crisis that is currently affecting many countries around the world. Even if we don't always learn from mistakes, I think it's fascinating to study history because it gives us an insight into who we are and where we come from.

2. What important events do you think might take place in the future?

It's really difficult to predict what will happen in the future; most of the big, historic events of the past would have been impossible to foresee. For example, I don't think that anyone living 100 years ago could have imagined that people would one day walk on the moon! If I had to guess what might happen in the future, I'd like to think that scientists will invent cures for diseases like cancer, and we'll all live longer.

If you stay with a friend, you benefit from someone with local knowledge of the best places to visit. You can also get to know the character and customs of the local people, and for me, this is one of the most interesting aspects of a visit to another country. On the other hand, if you stay in a hotel, you are forced to discover the new place on your own, so it’s more of an adventure.




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SPEAKING PART3-SAMPLE 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-10:34 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking: 'hospitality' topic

1. In your country, how do people treat visitors from abroad?

I think we treat visitors well. People in the UK are very open-minded and welcoming, and we enjoy the mix of cultures that immigration and tourism bring. Most UK cities, for example, are really cosmopolitan, and you can meet visitors from every part of the world.

2. Do you think hospitality towards visitors is less important than it was in the past?

In my city, maybe it’s true that hospitality is less important nowadays, but that’s only because we are so used to seeing visitors from different countries, so we treat it as a normal part of life and nothing too special.

3. What are the advantages of staying with a friend compared to staying in a hotel when visiting a foreign country?

If you stay with a friend, you benefit from someone with local knowledge of the best places to visit. You can also get to know the character and customs of the local people, and for me, this is one of the most interesting aspects of a visit to another country. On the other hand, if you stay in a hotel, you are forced to discover the new place on your own, so it’s more of an adventure.




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SPEAKING PART3-SAMPLE 5

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 22 آذر 1394-09:34 ق.ظ

HOLIDAY TOPIC

1) Do you think that it's important for people to go on holiday?

Answer using 'idea, explain, example'

Yes, I think we all need to go on holiday at least once or twice a year. It isn’t healthy to work all year round without some time off to relax; we all need to take a break and recharge our batteries from time to time. Last summer, for example, I went on holiday to France for a couple of weeks, and it was great to leave all of my usual responsibilities behind me. I came home feeling really refreshed and reinvigorated.

 

2) Why do you think some people prefer not to go abroad on holiday?

Answer using 'firstly, secondly, finally'

I suppose there are different reasons why some people choose not to go abroad on holidays. Firstly, it’s usually more expensive to travel abroad than it is to stay at home. A second reason could be that some people find it stressful to spend time in a foreign country where they don’t speak the language, or where they feel that they can’t easily integrate with the locals. Finally, many people just love where they live, and don’t feel the need to travel abroad.

might get a wiser or more sensible answer from them. On the other hand, friends are less likely to become too worried if you go to them with a problem. For example, I probably wouldn’t want to burden my parents with a financial problem.




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