رموز آیلتس IELTS - مطالب بهنام فرقانی
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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-09:34 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 1: strange questions

In part 1 of the speaking test, the examiner will ask around 10 easy questions. However, students have reported some strange questions, such as:

1. Do you like parks?

2. Do you think different colours can change our moods?

3. When do people give flowers in your country?

Don't be shocked by these questions. Just give a simple answer with a reason. Don't worry about using fantastic grammar or vocabulary; just try to answer without hesitating. For example:

1. Yes, I like parks because they are great places to relax. I think all cities need green areas.

2. Yes, I think bright colours, like red, can make you feel energetic. Some greens and blues can be more relaxing.

3. People give flowers on special occasions like birthdays or on Valentine's Day. In my country, giving flowers is seen as romantic.

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-09:09 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: rules for introductions

Many people decide on a career path early in their lives and keep to it. This, they argue, leads to a more satisfying working life.
To what extent do you agree with this view?
What other things can people do in order to have a satisfying working life?

In today's lesson I just want to look at how to write an introduction for this type of question. My simple rules for task 2 introductions are:

1.    Write 2 sentences: introduce the topic, then give a general answer.

2.    Mention everything that the question mentions.

3.    Don't save any surprises for the conclusion; give your opinion in the introduction if the question asks for it.

Here's an example introduction:

It is true that some people know from an early age what career they want to pursue, and they are happy to spend the rest of their lives in the same profession. While I accept that this may suit many people, I believe that others enjoy changing careers or seeking job satisfaction in different ways.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:59 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: introduction technique

Task 2 introductions should be short and direct. You only need to write two sentences as follows:

1. Introduce the topic.

2. Respond to the question, making your position clear.

Take this question for example:

More houses are needed in many countries to cope with increasing populations. Would it be better to build houses in existing towns and cities, or to develop new towns in rural areas?

This my 2-sentence introduction:

It is true that the populations of many countries are growing, and that new housing is therefore needed. In my opinion, it would be better to increase the provision of housing by creating new towns, rather than by further developing existing towns and cities.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:55 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: the confidence to be 'simple'

For many of my students I've taught, a breakthrough came when they found the confidence to write in a more 'simple' way.

When you stop worrying about whether you need to include passives, conditionals or 'difficult academic words' in your essays, you are free to focus on answering the question and explaining your ideas coherently. It takes confidence to change your approach and to believe that the 'simple' way will work.

Note: Remember that 'simple' is not the same thing as 'easy'!

IELTS Writing Task 2: longer introductions?

People sometimes ask me whether writing a longer introduction could be the way to improve their task 2 scores. My answer is no! A longer introduction is more likely to harm your score, not help it. The more time you spend on your introduction, the less time you have to write good main body paragraphs. The main body is the key to a high score!

So, how can we improve our main body paragraphs? I think there are 3 easy steps you can take:

1.  Spend more time planning the main paragraphs.

2.  Spend less time on the introduction and conclusion.

3.  Prepare ideas for common topics before you take the exam.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:49 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: the keys to a high score

Memorising phrases for any essay, original or difficult words, complex grammatical structures, a long introduction with background and thesis statement: these are NOT the keys to a high score!

If you want to get the highest score possible with your current level of English:

·         Focus on answering the question well. This means that you need good ideas (which is why planning is important). Explain your ideas in detail in the main body paragraphs.

·         Work on topic vocabulary rather than 'any essay vocabulary'.

·         Forget about 'complex structures' and 'difficult words'. When you try too hard to make your writing look difficult, it usually just seems strange or wrong.

·         Keep your essay structure simple: a short introduction and conclusion, and two well-developed main body paragraphs

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 29 آذر 1394-08:43 ق.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 2: question types

1.      Opinion (point of view)

2.      Discussion + opinion

3.      Problem + reason+ solution

4.      2-part question

Important points to remember:

1. An 'opinion' question asks for your view, not the views of other people, and you don't have to give both sides of the argument. Just express your opinion clearly in the introduction, then explain it in the rest of the essay.

2.A 'discussion' question requires you to write about both sides of the argument, and you should write a similar amount for each view. If the question also asks for your opinion, you don't need an extra paragraph. Just make it clear in the introduction and conclusion which of the two views you agree with.

3.Type 3 is easy. Simply write a paragraph explaining the problem(s) and a paragraph explaining the solution(s). 

4.For type 4, just answer the two questions. Write one paragraph about each.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:08 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: diagram overview

After the introduction, I tell my students to write an overview of the information shown on the chart. When the chart shows numbers, we look for the highest, lowest, biggest change, overall trend etc.

But how do you write an overview of a diagram that doesn't show numbers?

Here are some things you could put in a process diagram overview:

·    The total number of steps in the process.

·    Where the process begins and ends.

And this is what you could write about for a comparing diagram:

·         The total number of changes or differences.

·         The main changes or differences.

·         The main similarities or what doesn't change

نوع مطلب : REPORT نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:06 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: describing percentages

Here are 3 useful techniques for describing percentages:

1. English speakers usually put the percentage at the start of the sentence.

2. Use while, whereas or compared to (after a comma) to add a comparison.

3. Use "the figure for" to add another comparison in the next sentence.

Use these examples as models for your own sentences:

In 1999, 35% of British people went abroad for their holidays, while only 28% of Australians spent their holidays in a different country. The figure for the USA stood at 31%.

Around 40% of women in the UK had an undergraduate qualification in 1999,compared to 37% of men. The figures for the year 2000 rose slightly to 42% and 38% respectively

نوع مطلب : REPORT نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-02:03 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: double, twice as, twofold

A few students have asked me about how to use 'double', 'twice as', 'three times', 'twofold', 'threefold' etc. Compare how each word/phrase is used in the following examples:

1. 'double' (verb)

The number of unemployed people doubled between 2005 and 2009.

2. 'twice as...as/compared to', 'three times as...as/compared to'

There were twice as many unemployed people in 2009 as in 2005.
Twice as many people were unemployed in 2009 compared to 2005.

3. 'twofold', 'threefold' (adjective or adverb)

There was a twofold increase in the number of unemployed people between 2005 and 2009. (adjective with the noun 'increase')
The number of unemployed people increased twofold between 2005 and 2009. (adverb with the verb 'increase')

نوع مطلب : REPORT نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:57 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: 'to' or 'by'

In IELTS writing task 1, you might need to use verbs like increase, decrease, rise and fall. These verbs can be followed by the words 'to' and 'by', but what's the difference?

Let's use these figures:
- Company profit in 2005 = £20,000
- Company profit in 2010 = £25,000

Now compare these sentences:
- Company profit rose to £25,000 in 2010.
- Company profit rose by £5,000 between 2005 and 2010.

It's easy: 'to' is used before the new figure, and 'by' is used to show the change. It's the same when you are talking about a fall.

IELTS Writing Task 1: a common mistake

Students often make mistakes with thousands, millions and billions. It might seem strange, but you should say "10 million" not "10 millions". It's the same with hundred, thousand and billion. Try to avoid this mistake in writing task 1 - examiners notice it!

Correct: 10 million people
Wrong: 10 millions people, 10 millions of people, 10 million of people

When there is no number, we do write "millions of".
e.g. Millions of people travel abroad each year.

IELTS Writing Task 1: repeating key words

Students often worry about repeating the same words in writing task 1. For example, in last week's lesson I repeated the phrase average weekly spendingmaybe three times. Is this a big problem?

No! Repeating a key word or phrase a few times is not a problem; sometimes it is necessary to show that you are consistently talking about the same thing. If you try to use too much variety, there is a danger that you will confuse the reader or write something that does not mean what you want it to mean.

It's fine to either repeat the key words or make small changes. Look at these examples of small changes I made to the phrase average weekly spending:

·    spent on average

·    average expenditure

·    weekly spending figures

·    levels of spending

·    spent per week

نوع مطلب : REPORT نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-01:54 ب.ظ

IELTS Writing Task 1: 'overview' not conclusion

You don't need to write a conclusion for IELTS writing task 1. You need to write an "overview" of the information.

But why don't you need to write a conclusion? What's the difference between a conclusion and an overview?

First, a conclusion is really a final judgment, decision or opinion. This is perfect for the task 2 essay, but task 1 asks you to write a description without analysis or opinions. On the other hand, an "overview" is a simple description of the main points. It is a summary of the information shown in the graph or chart.

Second, a conclusion should be at the end of a piece of writing. An overview or general summary could go either at the end or near the beginning. Personally, I think it's a good idea to describe the main features of the graph or chart near the beginning of your essay.

نوع مطلب : REPORT نكات 

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