رموز آیلتس IELTS - مطالب بهنام فرقانی
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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-10:13 ق.ظ


Phrasal VerbMeaning
hang outspend time relaxing (informal)
catch up withMeet someone after a period of time and find out what they have been doing
cut down/back onReduce
give (something) upQuit / stop doing it
cut outStop eating something (permanently or for a long time)
find outDiscover
get along/onLike each other
fall outArgue and be on bad terms with someone
clean upTidy / Clean
come acrossFind something unexpectedly


IELTS - English Phrasal Verbs in Use

What do you normally do at the weekends?

I usually just hang out with my friends. We’ll go to the cinema or something. Unfortunately I don’t get the chance to catch up with them often as we are all so busy with work.

Do you have a healthy lifestyle?

I don’t think I really do.  Something I definitely need to do is cut down on the amount I smoke, or even give it up completely. I would also like to cut out red meat from my diet. I’ve read that both of those are unhealthy. I found out recently that my father has cancer, and he smoked a lot when he was younger.

Do you like the place where you live?

Yes, I live with some college friends. There are several of us in the house so it is crowded, but we get along well so we have not had any serious problems. I fell out with one guy who lived there because he played his music too loud, but he has moved out now.

Do you like to collect things?

Not anymore, but the other day I was cleaning up my room when I came across an old album of football stickers. I used to collect them when I was younger.

نوع مطلب : لغت 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 6 دی 1394-10:03 ق.ظ

Children and the Family

Nuclear family

Family group consisting of a pair of adults and their children

Most households in the Western world tend to be nuclear families.

Extended family
Larger than the nuclear family - consisting of aunts, uncles, and cousins all living nearby or in the same household.

If you live with your extended family they can help to look after the children. 

A parent, not living with a spouse or partner, who has most of the day-to-day responsibilities in raising the child or children. 

Some people believe that it is not good for children to grow up in a single-parent household.

Group of people related by blood or marriage 

Relatives, such as grandparents, can play an important role in helping to raise children. 

Brothers or sisters

I have three siblings – one brother and two sisters.

A young person who is developing into an adult

Children can sometimes cause more problems for their parents when they become adolescents.

Someone who depends on you for financial support, such as a child or family member who does not work

My dependents will be well-looked after when I die as I have left a lot of money to them in my will.

Demanding that people obey completely and refusing to allow them freedom to act as they wish

His father was very authoritarian and he used to scare me quite a lot. 

Strongly limiting someone's freedom to behave as they wish, or likely to severely punish someone if they do not obey. 

Some parents believe that they have to very strict with their children to ensure they behave well.

Birth control / Contraception
(the use of) any of various methods intended to prevent a woman becoming pregnant

One of the reasons for the falling number of births in developing countries is birth control. Medical clinics often distribute free contraception.

Birth Rate
The number of babies born over a given time

The birth rate has been falling in many countries.

Bring Up / Upbringing
To care for a child until he or she is an adult, often giving him or her particular beliefs

Children should be brought up to respect their parents.

I had a very good upbringing.

To take ​care of a ​person (or an ​animal or ​plant) until they are ​completely ​grown 

Her parents raised her very well as she is now a very kind and considerate young woman. 

Child Development
The biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence

There is no doubt that there are factors external to the family that significantly impact on a child’s development.

Care for children provided by either the government, an organization, or a person, while parents are at work or are away for another reason

Cheap childcare is very important in order to allow mother’s to return to work.

An official or legal process to end a marriage

My parents divorced when I was 15.

Divorce is very common these days.

An arrangement, but not necessarily done legally, by which two married people stop living together as a couple

Me and my partner are having a trial separation. Hopefully we can sort things out.

Child Neglect
A form of child abuse where there is an ongoing failure to meet a child's basic needs, such as being left without adequate food, clothes, shelter, medicine etc.

Social services will intervene if a child has beenneglected

Dysfunctional Family
A family where there is conflict, misbehavior, and often child neglect, resulting in poor emotional and physical health 

The child comes from a very dysfunctional family. The father was violent and is now in prison and the mother has a drugs problem. 

Emotional Security
To feel happy and secure from having enough love, acceptance and respect

The most important factor leading to a fulfilled and happy life for a child is emotional security.

Reasonable and has good judgment and their behaviour is not difficult or strange 

A child brought up by responsible parents and provided with emotional security will grow up to be very well-adjusted.

Responsible Parent
Having good judgement and the ability to act correctly when bringing up a child e.g. ensuring they are not in any danger

If you have children it is very important to be responsible parents.

Formative years
A period of a person’s life, usually childhood, that has a big influence on the person they become and the rest of that persons life 

If things go wrong for someone in their formative years, it can have an impact on their adult life. 

Taking on the legal responsibilities as parent of a child that is not one's biological child 

If a couple can't have a child they may decide to adopt

Taking on the responsibilities for a child in place of the child's natural parents but without legally adopting the child.

Fostering a child can be a very fulfilling experience.

They have decided to become foster parents.

Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing 

It is the family that can provide a supportive, secure, and nurturing environment, which is crucial to the way in which a child becomes an adult.

Overprotective Parents
Wishing to protect a child too much 

Children who have had overprotective parents do not build up a strong character to deal with the outside world on their own. 

Spoiled Child
A child who shows bad behaviour from overindulgence by their parents 

Children who are given everything that they demand from their parents may become very spoiled.

نوع مطلب : لغت 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:چهارشنبه 2 دی 1394-05:58 ب.ظ


Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.

Many countries of the world are currently experiencing problems caused by rapidly growing populations in urban areas, and both governments and individuals have a duty to find ways to overcome these problems.

Overpopulation can lead to overcrowding and poor quality housing in many large cities. Poorly heated or damp housing could cause significant health problems, resulting in illness, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Another serious consequence of overcrowding is a rising crime rate as poor living conditions may lead young people in particular to take desperate measures and turn to crime or drugs.

In terms of solutions, I believe the government should be largely responsible. Firstly, it is vital that the state provides essential housing and healthcare for all its citizens. Secondly, setting up community projects to help foster more community spirit and help keep young people off the street is a good idea. For example, youth clubs or evening classes for teenagers would keep them occupied. Finally, more effective policing of inner city areas would also be beneficial.

Naturally, individuals should also act responsibly to address these problems, and the motivation to do this would hopefully arise if the measures described above are put into place by the government. This is because it will encourage people to have more pride in their own community and improve the situation.

In conclusion, it is clear that the problems caused by overpopulation in urban areas are very serious. Yet if governments and individuals share a collective responsibility, then it may well become possible to offer some solutions.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY سوالات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:چهارشنبه 2 دی 1394-10:34 ق.ظ


In IELTS writing task 2 you'd better write more formally. This requires you to know some points about that. Noticing how following sentence differ from each other can be a big help to learn it.

MORE ACADEMIC: In the modern world, we frequently no longer rely on food that has been grown locally, but we have become accustomed to buying produce from all over the world. While this trend has some clear benefits to consumers, I would argue that overall transporting food over long distances is a negative.

LESS ACADEMIC: In the modern world, we often don’t rely on food that has been grown locally, but we have got used  to buying food from all over the world. While this trend is good for consumers, I think that overall transporting food over long distances is not a good thing.

MORE ACADEMICThe strongest argument against importing food is environmental. Studies have shown that transport and the use of fossil fuels is one of the leading causes of global warming and climate change. This means that if we want to lead a greener lifestyle, we should be trying to minimise transport and this includes the unnecessary transport of foodstuffs.

LESS ACADEMIC: The biggest argument against importing food is environmental. We know that transport and the use of fossil fuels is the biggest cause of global warming and climate change. This means that if we want to lead a greener lifestyle, we should try not to use transport so much and this includes transporting of foodstuffs when we don’t have to.

MORE ACADEMICAnother point that needs to be considered is the impact of transporting food on local farmers and traditional ways of life. Again, there is good research to show that farmers and smallholders are unable to compete in price with the supermarkets that import cheap, and often low-quality, produce from abroad. This is not just a problem for local farmers who are likely to go out of business, it also has an impact on weakening traditional communities that rely on those farms for employment and trade.

LESS ACADEMIC: Another point is that transporting food is bad for local farmers and traditional ways of life. This is because farmers and smallholders cannot compete in price with the supermarkets that import cheap, and often low-quality, produce from abroad. This is not just a problem for local farmers who will go out of business, it also weakens traditional communities that  need those farms for employment and trade.

MORE ACADEMICA further consideration is that food that has travelled across the world is considerably less healthy than locally grown, fresh produce. The  point is that the further food travels before it reaches the consumer, the less fresh it will be and any nutritionist will confirm that fresh food is fuller of vitaminsTherefore, it would be preferable if supermarkets and other stores did not transport food from other countries.

LESS ACADEMIC: We should also think how food that has travelled across the world is not as good for you as locally grown, fresh produce. This is because if food travels a lot of miles before it reaches the consumer, it won’t be very fresh and experts say that fresh food is better for youSo, in my opinion, supermarkets and other stores shouldn’ttransport food from other countries.

MORE ACADEMICIn conclusion, I believe that the trend for transporting food over long distances is undesirable because it is environmentally unfriendly, threatens local communities and results in less healthy options for the consumer.

LESS ACADEMIC:In conclusion, I think that the trend for transporting food over long distances is wrong because it is not good for the environment, it is bad for local communities and means consumers eat less healthily.

نوع مطلب : ESSAY نكات 

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:57 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking: how to feel more confident

Here are some tips to help you feel more confident when you go for your IELTS speaking test:

·    Be prepared: you should know exactly what to expect in the 3 parts of the speaking test, and you should have read the suggestions on this website about how to answer.

·    Lots of practice: a student who has practised answering all of the questions in all eight Cambridge books, as well as the questions on this site, will feel much more confident than a student who hasn't.

·    Write it down: when studying at home, you have time to prepare 'perfect' answers to practice questions; write your answers down, and ask someone to help you check and improve them.

·    Speak aloud: start by reading the answers you wrote down (like an actor uses a script), then gradually stop using the script.

·    Record yourself: this allows you to analyse the quality of your answers, as well as your pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:52 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking: Basic Information

The IELTS Speaking Test is the final part of the exam. You can take only your ID document into the exam room.

The test lasts between 11 and 14 minutes. You will be interviewed by an examiner who will record your conversation. Timing is strictly controlled by the examiner, so don't be surprised if he or she interrupts you during an answer.

There are 3 parts to the Speaking Test:

1. Introduction/ interview: around 10 questions in 4 to 5 minutes.

2. Short presentation: talk for 2 minutes with 1 minute to prepare.

3. Discussion: around 5 questions in 4 to 5 minutes.

Preparation is the key to a good score in IELTS Speaking. Different skills are tested in each part, so you need to know exactly what to do. 

We can predict the kinds of questions that the examiner will ask. We'll prepare ideas, possible answers and good vocabulary for each part of the test.

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:49 ق.ظ

IELTS Advice: storytelling

The key to a high speaking score isn't  your use of 'complex' grammar structures, big words or idiomatic phrases. The key is to speak as naturally as possible and real examples or stories help you to do this.

 IELTS Speaking Part 2: three tips

Here are three quick tips for IELTS speaking part 2 (the short speech):

1. Use the 1 minute preparation time well
Think about how you would answer the question in your own language, then write down as many ideas as possible in English.

2. Give real examples
Say what you really think, talk about your real life, and give real examples. Examples are really important; whenever you don't know what to say, give an example from your own experience.

3. Don't worry about grammar
You haven't got time to think about passives or conditionals. Focus on answering the question - ideas and vocabulary.

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:45 ق.ظ

IELTS Advice: speaking strategies

Here are some of the strategies in part two:

1. Try to develop each bullet point in detail. If you don't say enough for the first two or three points, you'll find yourself with too much time for the last point.

2. Tell a story! My second point tells the story of how I was given the chair by a friend, and I could probably speak for 2 minutes about this point alone. When you tell a story about something real that happened, you'll find it easy to keep talking. Stories are also interesting for the listener (the examiner).

3. Add examples. In point 3, you can see that I added an example at the end ("last night I fell asleep in my armchair while I was watching a film"). I could easily take this example and develop it into another short story.

4. When describing an object, don't forget the simple things like size, colour (I forgot that one!), shape, material, position ("just under my living room window").

6. Try to use a topic you have already prepared.

7. Forget about grammar. Focus on answering the question.

8. Finally, fast preparation is a skill that you can practise. Why not train yourself by making notes for a few different questions every day?

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:43 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 2: 1-minute preparation

This week I've been thinking about different ways to use the 1-minute preparation time. Here's what I've learnt:

1. One minute is a very short amount of time! I found it just as difficult as my students did.

2. A simple list is probably faster and easier than a diagram or mind map.

3. You need to decide on your topic as quickly as possible. Then spend most of your time making notes.

4. Try to write at least one key idea for each part of the question.

5. Don't write sentences, and don't waste time erasing "mistakes".

6. Try to use a topic you have already prepared.

7. Forget about grammar. Focus on answering the question.

8. Finally, fast preparation is a skill that you can practise. Why not train yourself by making notes for a few different questions every day?

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:39 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 2: choose your topic quickly!

One of the most important things to practise for IELTS speaking part 2 is choosing your topic quickly. Take this question for example:

Describe a situation in which you were very polite. You should explain

·    where the situation took place

·    how you showed that you were polite

·    and why you needed to be so polite.

It would be easy to waste your one-minute preparation time worrying about what situation to choose. If you still haven't decided what to talk about when the examiner asks you to start speaking, you'll be in real trouble!

Give yourself just 10 seconds to choose your polite situation. It doesn't really matter what situation you choose; the key is to give yourself enough time to prepare some ideas.

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

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نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 30 آذر 1394-10:37 ق.ظ

IELTS Speaking Part 2: main topics

For part 2 of IELTS speaking, I encourage my students to prepare ideas for 6 main topic areas:

1. Describe an object (a gift, something you use etc.)

2. Describe a person (someone you admire, a family member etc.)

3. Describe an event (a festival, celebration etc.)

4. Describe an activity (e.g. a hobby)

5. Describe a place (somewhere you visited, a holiday etc.)

6. Describe your favourite (book/film/advertisement/website)

Most questions fit into one of these topics. For example, "Describe a river, lake or sea which you like" is number 5 - you could describe a holiday by the sea, or a city with a river.

Don't take the test without preparing some ideas for these topics first!

نوع مطلب : SPEAKING نكات  

داغ کن - کلوب دات کام

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