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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 6

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-10:27 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 6 - Environment 

Environment Vocabulary


 

The

Environment

 

The air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live

 

 

More must be done to protect the environment from pollution

Environmental problems are becoming very severe in many countries

 

Climate


The weather conditions generally present in an area or over a long period

 


The Mediterranean region tends to have a mild climate over the winter

 

Climate

Change

 

The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards, caused mainly by the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere



The climate around the world has been changing rapidly over the last decade

Climate Change is one of the most serious problems that the world is facing today


Carbon

Dioxide

(CO2)

 

The gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out



The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming

Trees absorb carbon dioxide

 

Fossil

Fuels


A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms



Some people do not believe that human's reliance on fossil fuels is to blame for global warming


Global

Warming


A gradual rise in the world's temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space



Deforestation is contributing to global warming because tress absorb carbon dioxide


Deforestation


Cutting down and clearing areas of forest



Deforestation is destroying animal habitats


Habitat


The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives



With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat


Ecosystem


All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment



The world has a delicately balanced ecosystem, and pollution can damage this

The marine (= related to the sea) ecosystem was baldy damaged by the oil spill


Biodiversity


The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable



The rich and diverse biodiversity of our planet must be protected


Contamination


To make something less pure by exposing it to poisonous or polluting substances


 

The water has been contaminated by the release of toxic chemicals into the river

The water supply is being tested for contamination

Toxic /

Toxin


Poisonous / A poisonous substance



The dumping (= disposing of something in a careless way) of toxic waste has contaminated the area

Leaded fuel from cars releases toxins into the air which can affect the brain


Waste


A material or substance which is eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process



The Green Party opposes any kind of nuclear waste being dumped at sea


Emission


The production and discharge of something



Emissions from car exhausts cause pollution around cities

Carbon dioxide emissions must be reduced


Erosion


To gradually reduce or destroy



Over-farming causes soil erosion


Drought


A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water



The severe drought this year has led to the loss of many lives


Pollution


Damage caused to water, air, land etc. by harmful substances or waste



Environmental pollution must be a top priority of governments

The air around the factory is very polluted


 

Sustainable


Causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time


 

Countries need to promote sustainable development in order to protect the environment from further damage




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